Steel pedestrian bridges are prevalent in parks, golf courses, and over small rivers and streams. Below is a quick description of what a pedestrian bridge is, along with different types that are available.
Pedestrian bridges are in use around the world to facilitate the movement of people and light vehicles. Using steel in pedestrian bridges means they are easier to maintain and safer for all activities. Pedestrian bridges are frequently shipped to the project sites partially assembled thereby accelerating installation resulting in less disruption to the surrounding area and traffic.
Bridge has been engineering and manufacturing steel pedestrian bridges for decades. They are in use throughout the country.
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Types of Pedestrian Bridges Foot Bridges : Typically used for shorter spans, foot bridges will see a lot of traffic, hence, they must be durable. In addition, they should be aesthetically appealing, as these steel pedestrian bridges lie in highly visible areas.
Trail Bridges: Trail bridges are ideal for remote or difficult-to-reach areas. A three coat paint system or galvanizing can extend the service life for years in these situations. Elevated Walkways: A combination of walkways, foot bridges, and ramps, elevated walkways can be a very visible element of outdoor spaces.
Landscape Bridges: Landscape bridges are most often used in green or public spaces and usually enhance their environments. Accordingly, they offer pedestrians a chance to see more of the landscape, not less. Boardwalks: Boardwalks are not just for beaches anymore. Boardwalks often span long distances and are typically wide enough to accommodate bikers as well as pedestrians.
Pedestrian Bridges with U. Bridge U. Enter Email Confirm Email. Contact Us info usbridge. Build Your Bridge.Learn something new every day More Info A pedestrian bridge, also called a footbridgeis simply a bridge, whether over land or water, that is designed for foot traffic as opposed to vehicle traffic.
Often, footbridges are constructed to give pedestrians a safe way to cross from one side of a busy road to the other. There are also pedestrian bridges built over railroad tracks, rivers, parking lots, canyons and other areas where walking could be perilous or even impossible. People have been constructing variations of the pedestrian bridge for centuries. The ancient Romans built pedestrian bridges out of stone as early as BC to enable people to cross the Tiber River. The arch shape was incorporated into these pedestrian overpasses to give them durability and strength.
Many of these footbridges still exist today, including the Ponte Fabricio bridge in Rome, which is a two- arch bridge that was completed in 62 BC and still contains all of its original materials. With the advent of vehicular transportation, society began to switch its focus to building bridges strong enough to support more than just people on foot. First came bridges built for horse-driven vehicles, and then those that could accommodate trains or automobiles.
The pedestrian bridge remained important though, especially for people who could not afford to give up traveling on foot. It can serve both a utilitarian purpose and a decorative one. Many use these bridges to add character to their gardens or backyards.
For example, a gardener may put a pedestrian bridge over a small pond or creek. These bridges are also popular as overpasses near shopping malls and subway stations.
Architects continue to update the design of pedestrian bridges, both for structural and artistic reasons. One interesting design is that of the round pedestrian bridge. Another notable design is the curved bridge, and two U. These enhancements protect both the people walking across and, in the case of bridges over roadways, the people driving vehicles below.
One hazard of having such walkways above roads is that people can drop objects, accidentally or purposely. As part of one of my classes in high school we had to make model bridge buildings. It was not easy, so I felt a little lame when I read in this article that bridges have been built since the B. Though I must say in my defense that I was supposed to be building more than just a pedestrian bridge.
But since I did that project I am always appreciative of bridges, and when I looked back on bridges since then, I have always been amazed at how well built they are for the kind of support they need to provide. It is a suspension bridge spanning a deep canyon with a river below. It is known to be well constructed and safe. With some hesitation, but also full of excitement, my family decided, "let's do it" As we gingerly walked along the bridge, we hung on tight to both sides, as the bridge swung to and fro.
I looked straight ahead and only looked down once.A footbridge also a pedestrian bridgepedestrian overpassor pedestrian overcrossing is a bridge designed solely for pedestrians. Another early bridge would have been simply a fallen tree. In some cases a footbridge can be both functional and a beautiful work of art. For rural communities in the developing world, a footbridge may be a community's only access to medical clinics, schools, businesses and markets.
Simple suspension bridge designs have been developed to be sustainable and easily constructed in such areas using only local materials and labor. An enclosed footbridge between two buildings is sometimes known as a skyway. Bridges providing for both pedestrians and cyclists are often referred to as greenbridges and form an important part of a sustainable transport system.
Footbridges are often situated to allow pedestrians to cross water or railways in areas where there are no nearby roads. They are also located across roads to let pedestrians cross safely without slowing traffic.
The latter is a type of pedestrian separation structureexamples of which are particularly found near schools. The simplest type of a bridge is stepping stonesso this may have been one of the earliest types of footbridge. Neolithic people also built a form of a boardwalk across marshes, of which the Sweet Trackand the Post Track are examples from England, that are around years old.
Some of the first man-made bridges with significant span were probably intentionally felled trees. On April 6,the reconstructed wooden footbridge was opened, being the longest wooden bridge in Switzerland.
A clapper bridge is an ancient form of bridge found on the moors of Devon Dartmoor and Exmoor and in other upland areas of the United Kingdom including Snowdonia and AngleseyCumbriaYorkshire and Lancashire.
It is formed by large flat slabs of stone, often granite or schistsupported on stone piers across riversor resting on the banks of streams. Although often credited with prehistoric origin, most were erected in medieval times, and some in later centuries. First recorded in the 14th century, the bridge is believed to have been originally built in the 13th century to enable pack horses to cross the river. Nowadays clapper bridges are only used as footbridges.
It is the oldest wooden covered bridge in Europe, and one of Switzerland's main tourist attractions. The bridge was originally built c. An early example of a skyway is the Vasari Corridoran elevated, enclosed passageway in Florencecentral Italywhich connects the Palazzo Vecchio with the Palazzo Pitti. Beginning on the south side of the Palazzo Vecchio, it then joins the Uffizi Gallery and leaves on its south side, crossing the Lungarno dei Archibusieri and then following the north bank of the River Arno until it crosses the river at Ponte Vecchio.
Like other bridges across the canal, the existing structure dates from The special popularity of the bridge was gained through angular sculptures of four winged lions crowning the abutments. They were designed by sculptor Pavel Sokolovwho also contributed lions for Bridge of Lions. Design of footbridges normally follows the same principles as for other bridges. However, because they are normally significantly lighter than vehicular bridges, they are more vulnerable to vibration and therefore dynamics effects are often given more attention in design.
To ensure footbridges are accessible to disabled and other mobility-impaired people, careful consideration is nowadays also given to provision of access lifts or rampsas required by relevant legislation e. Disability Discrimination Act in the UK.
The residential-scale footbridges all span a short distance and can be used for a broad range of applications. Complicated engineering is not needed and the footbridges are built with readily available materials and basic tools. Footbridges can also be built in the same ways as road or rail bridges; particularly suspension bridges and beam bridges. Some former road bridges have had their traffic diverted to alternative crossings and have become pedestrian bridges; examples in the UK include The Iron Bridge at IronbridgeShropshirethe Old Bridge at Pontypridd and Windsor Bridge at Windsor, Berkshire.
Most footbridges are equipped with guard rails to reduce the risk of pedestrians falling. Where they pass over busy roads or railways, they may also include a fence or other such barrier to prevent pedestrians from jumping, or throwing projectiles onto the traffic below.Pedestrians and bikers are accustomed to sharing the road and battling automotive traffic, but this proposition becomes trickier, and often more dangerous, when it comes to crossing a major thoroughfare or body of water.
A pedestrian bridgealso known as a footbridge, provides a safe mode of passage for cyclists and walkers, and often enriches the area. A successful design must be a safe mode of transit for pedestrians that doesn't interfere with other traffic on roads or waterways. Architects and artists have conceived spectacular overpasses that are marvels of both design and engineering. In fact, many of these smaller passages have designs that can rival larger bridges built for cars and trucks.
From a bright orange overpass in Portugal to a nearly invisible bridge that goes through a moat in the Netherlandsthese structures are sure to make drivers jealous. Architecture firm Wilkinson Eyre devised the curved bridge across the River Tyne. With a shape reminiscent of an apostrophe, the Scale Lane Bridge provides a unique mode of transport across the River Hull.
Pedestrians are able to ride on the swing bridge as it opens to accommodate river traffic. The distinctive orange passage is constructed of steel, and the arrangement of the spans was inspired by the farm paths that used to crisscross the local landscape.
The partially enclosed helical structure features a central bike lane with pedestrian paths on either side and is painted red and white, colors that also appear in the Canadian and Calgary flags. Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes designed this passage to the medieval French city of Mont-Saint-Michel, located off the coast of Normandy.
Linking the mainland to the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the structure includes the nearly half-mile-long pedestrian bridge and a slightly longer causeway used for shuttles.
Connecting the north and center districts of Rotterdam in the Netherlands, the Luchtsingel was designed to stimulate development and economic growth in areas that had become neglected. The quarter-mile-long pedestrian bridge, devised by the Dutch architecture firm ZUS, was financed by the city and a crowdfunding campaign. The wooden structure is lined with planks bearing the names of the sponsors. The deck is formed of five steel beams, which are raised in a motion resembling the unfolding of a Japanese fan.
Two of the steel spans can be raised independently or together, forming the shape of a butterfly. An archway of steps curves above the lower deck, which can split to accommodate boats traveling on the Noordhollandsch Kanaal. The new ramped, steel-lattice structure links a decommissioned railway bridge to the south bank of the Yarra River, providing access for pedestrians and cyclists. The foot expanse was designed by Balmond Studio and features a balustrade of colorful glass. Rather than crossing over a moat at Fort de Roovere in the Netherlands, the Moses Bridge goes through it.
Constructed in collaboration with SOM, the bridge is clad in panels of brushed stainless steel and also serves as a sound barrier, reducing noise from Columbus Drive below. Dampers were added to control the movement created by the synchronized footfall of pedestrians.
Connecting the historic city center of 's-Hertogenbosch and the newly developed area of Paleiskwartier, the Paleisbrug is a raised park and pedestrian and cycle bridge all in one.
Benthem Crouwel Architects outfitted the weatherproof steel structure with a solar collector to help power the surrounding area. Landscape architect Piet Oudolf planned the flower beds and tree planters, adding low plants to preserve the views. Monk Mackenzie Architects and LandLAB resurfaced the space in a bright pink and added programmable LED light boxes to the passage, which is shared by pedestrians and cyclists. Works by Maori artist Katz Maihi were engraved into aluminum plates and incorporated into western edge.
Architects Bernard Tschumi and Hugh Dutton collaborated on the vibrant passage over the tracks of the TGV railway, which connects new neighborhoods with the historic city and replaces a standard railway bridge. The bold tubular bridge features a triangulated mesh exterior, which serves as an eye-catching structural element.
The walkway is nearly feet long and was built using tons of steel. Joao Morgado - Architecture Photography. Where: Rotterdam, Netherlands Completed: Designer: ZUS Connecting the north and center districts of Rotterdam in the Netherlands, the Luchtsingel was designed to stimulate development and economic growth in areas that had become neglected.
Photo: Jannes Linders Fotograaf. Where: 's-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands Completed: Designer: Benthem Crouwel Architects Connecting the historic city center of 's-Hertogenbosch and the newly developed area of Paleiskwartier, the Paleisbrug is a raised park and pedestrian and cycle bridge all in one. Photo: Courtesy of Monk Mackenzie Architects. Photo: Christian Richter. Explore Architecture innovative design travel.If you aren't a traveler and you're reading an article over the internet, odds are you haven't been to the more treacherous parts of the world.
The fact is, the modern world isn't the norm on this planet, but we can get so comfortable in our lives that we can often forget this fact. The fact of the matter is people live in jungles, mountains, near steep cliffs, and over crashing waters. Somehow these people have to travel from point A to point B and vehicles aren't always an option. In some cases, neither is a sidewalk or even a simple dirt road.
To get across the more treacherous parts of the world, most would turn to building a bridge. Many of these bridges are crude and simple structures, built by locals to travel in remote areas.
Others are built with safety in mind, but their heights and locations add a very real element of danger. Whether home-brewed or commissioned, take a look at some of the most dangerous pedestrian bridges on our planet. This bridge at the summit of the Aiguille du Midi in the French Alps should not be crossed by anyone who is even remotely scared of heights. It crosses between two points of one of the highest peaks in the French Alps at nearly 12, ft.
From the connected observation deck, one can see three different countries: France, Italy, and Switzerland. It is said that on a clear day, one can even see the Matterhorn. While the height and mountain winds are the obvious dangers, it's also highly recommended to bring a powerful sun-screen.10 Most Dangerous And Deadly Pedestrian Bridges In The World
Between the increased closeness to the sun, plus the rays being reflected off the snow and ice, you face the very real possibility of one of the worst sunburns in your life. Don't worry about having to climb the mountain to get to the bridge; you can just take a cable car system all the way up.
Construction on the system took nearly 40 years. At first glance they don't look to be all that dangerous. They aren't nearly as high up as a bridge connected two cliffs or two mountains nor are they that long, but the risk of falling or the bridge collapsing is much greater. The bridge itself is generally constructed from one long bamboo log with another one above it to serve as a handrail.
The supports for these logs are just a series of more bamboo, crisscrossed to hold the logs at their intersection point. This bridge was once used to transport ore from different parts of the Ojuela mining town at the latter part of the 19th Century. The town itself has since become a ghost town as the minerals have been completely depleted. The bridge itself was built during the active years of the mine in but has since become a tourist attraction along with the ghost town in In that same year the bridge was redesigned and is only wide enough for pedestrian crossing.
It's predominantly made of wood, stretching roughly meters from point-to-point, and looks over a deep desert canyon. A fall would most certainly mean death. Hanging right next to what may be one of the deadliest bridges in the world are the tattered remains of its predecessor. This simple wood and rope bridge is no stranger to being taken away by a combination of weather and the waters below.
In fact, it's believed that even the second crudely constructed bridge was washed away by a monsoon in recent years. Despite it beingthere are still parts in Northern Pakistan that are not easily traversed.
Only one highway connects the different areas, and that only exists in the more developed regions.Moving bridges, stone bridges, new bridges, historic bridges, bridges that are global icons, bridges you've probably never heard of—they're all here. We even have one that floats on water and another that carries water. Here are our choices for the 30 most impressive spans around the world. The four-year project to span the Golden Gate strait and connect San Francisco to Marin County culminated in what was the world's longest 4, feet and tallest suspension bridge when this Bay Area landmark opened in The Golden Gate would keep those records until the s.
The Joseph Strauss Art Deco suspension bridge design is famous today in large part because of something a bit out of the norm in the bridge world: color.
Golden Gate was painted "International Orange" partly to match the warm coastal surroundings and also to stand out against the horizon for boaters. You don't walk over the Golden Gate Bridge expecting to find a market or a shopping mall up there.
But centuries ago, it was common for shops and even houses to stand one the second story of a bridge. The most prominent example that still exists is probably Ponte Vecchio in Florence, Italy. Rebuilt after a flood ina upgrade added a second story to the stone segmental arch bridge spanning the Arno River.
It was in the second story that workshops and houses filled the extra space, stretching sometimes wider than the original bridge. The water bridge that crosses the Elbe River to connect the Elbe-Havel Canal to the Mittellandkanal becomes the longest navigable aqueduct in the world, at more than 3, feet long. Previously, connecting the two canals required a 7.
But in the new concrete water bridge near Berlin changed all that and gave ships a water-filled crossing. The "Coathanger" of steel that crosses the Sydney Harbour has a longer history than it appears.
Opened in after eight years of construction, the steel bridge features six million hand-driven rivets. The extreme sun in Sydney required hinges that could handle the steel expanding and contracting in the extreme temperatures.
What is a Pedestrian Bridge?
At feet wide, the bridge was the widest long-span bridge in the world untiland crosses over 3, feet with the steel arch feet above the water.
Pedestrians can have some fun in Hull, England, with a swinging pedestrian bridge in what some call the shape of an apostrophe. At 1, feet, the tallest bridge in the world opened in and can, at times, soar above the clouds. To create the bridge in just three years, crews built the towers and then the roadway, which was slid into place atop the towers. It may have taken 14 years to build, but when the Brooklyn Bridge opened in to connect Manhattan and Brooklyn, the single span of 1, feet suspended by four cables was a sight to behold.
It still is. Designed by John A. Roebling and with the construction led by son Washington Roebling and his wife, Emily, the project stands as an enduring symbol for bridge construction the world over. It may have been the P. Barnum spectacle of leading a herd of 21 elephants across the bridge that early on cemented the bridge's popularity. But today, from the The longest suspension bridge in the world measures 12, feet across.
It opened in after 12 years of construction. The three-span bridge crosses the Akashi Strait withmiles of wire cabling the roadways from the two towers. Bridge design had to account for earthquakes, high winds, and harsh sea currents crashing against the towers.
The World's 30 Most Impressive Bridges
The first bridge to span the Grand Canals of Venice, this 15 th Century structure by Antonio da Ponte defied the critics of the time and topped some steeped competition—even Michelangelo offered a design for the planned crossing.Throughout the ages, man has been using architecture to bridge the gaps between physical obstacles, for the purpose of providing an easy passage.
Most of these bridges are also regarded as landmarks and are a vital part of the infrastructures of regions around the world. Some have even become city icons because of their influence and engineering wonder. Below is a list of the most famous bridges in the world. It has the third longest main span in the world. The covered bridge, constructed inwas designed to help protect the city of Lucerne from attacks. Much of the bridge, and the majority of these paintings, were destroyed in a fire, though it was quickly rebuilt.
Chengyang Bridge also known as Wind and Rain Bridge was built inand it is the most famous among the wind and rain bridges in the Dong Minority Region in China. The bridge stretches across the Linxi River and it still in heavy use. It is constructed of wood and stone without nails or rivets and is the largest of all the wind and rain bridges. It is At the time it opened, and for several years, it was the longest suspension bridge in the world and it has become a famous and iconic landmark of New York.
The bridge has a wide pedestrian walkway open to walkers and cyclists.
This walkway takes on a special importance in times of difficulty when usual means of crossing the East River have become unavailable as happened during several blackouts and most famously after the September 11,attacks.
The bridge was built between and by an order of the Roman Emperor Trajan in 98 AD, who is honored by a triumphal arch in the center of the bridge and a small temple at one end. The Moors destroyed the smallest arch on one side while the second arch on the other side was destroyed by the Spanish to stop the Portuguese.
It took eight years to build and opened in March Because the steel expands or contracts depending on whether it is hot or cold the bridge is not completely stationary and can rise or fall up to 18 cm 7.
It was built by the Ottaman Turks in and stood for years, until the bridge was destroyed in during the Bosnian War. Subsequently, a project was set in motion to rebuild it, and the new bridge opened in It is traditional for the young men of the town to leap from the bridge into the Neretva. As the river is very cold, this is a very risky feat and only the most skilled and best trained divers will attempt it.
It is highly ranked as being one of the most famous examples of Safavid bridge design. Commissioned in by Shah Abbas I, the bridge is build of bricks and stones. It is meters long and It is said that the bridge originally comprised 40 arches however this number gradually reduced to The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge, also known as the Pearl Bridge, is the longest suspension bridge at 1, meters 6, feet in the world. The bridge took almost 12 years to build and was opened for traffic in The central span was originally only 1, meter but the Kobe earthquake on January 17,moved the two towers so that it had to be increased by 1 meter.
It is the oldest bridge across the canal. The present stone bridge, a single span designed by Antonio da Ponte, was completed in and was used to replace a wooden bridge that collapsed in The engineering of the bridge was considered so audacious that some architects predicted a future collapse. The bridge has defied its critics to become one of the architectural icons of Venice. Its construction started in under the auspices of King Charles IV, and finished in the beginning of the 15th century.
As the only means of crossing the river Vltava, the Charles Bridge was the most important connection between the Old Town and the area around Prague Castle.